Hypertension or high blood pressure (BP) is defined as blood pressure at or over the range of 140/80mmHg. Blood pressure is the measure of force of blood against blood vessel walls and the degree of the force depends on the heart’s ability to pump out blood and the resistance of the blood vessel. Blood pressure normally rises and falls throughout the day however, elevated blood pressure for a longer time has proved dangerous and is known to be the cause of many serious and life threatening heart diseases, kidney diseases and also diabetes (2).
Since hypertension develops overtime, experts say that 90% of patients are unaware that they are suffering from it (2). It is until that their blood pressure increases above the threshold is when they become aware of the symptoms which may become too late for some people. High blood pressure (BP) has become the most prevalent chronic disease in India. Stressful lifestyle and busy work schedule along with altered food choices has led high blood pressure to be a major public health issue which is growing exponentially every year in India. Current research suggests that the prevalence of hypertension is at 20%-40% in urban areas and 12%-17% in rural areas of India and one in 3 adults suffer from this threatening lifestyle disease (1). What’s even scarier is that high blood pressure is no longer an old age disease as one might presume. It can affect anyone, including children and young adults.
When asked about the cause of high blood pressure, majority of people would agree when I say that it’s an old age disease. As that might be true, it is not the only cause of high BP.
These can all contribute in developing this silent but deadly disease (2).
One of the easiest ways to reduce the chance of getting high blood pressure is to have an active and healthy lifestyle.
In summary, people in today’s world are very busy in achieving their goals and small but necessary lifestyle modification such as using low sodium salt can go a long way in reducing the risk of hypertension and associated health risks.